Seven steps to writing a literature review


What is a literature review?

A literature Reviews is an objective, concise, critical summary of published retìm kiếm literature relevant to lớn a topic being researched in an article.

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What the literature Review does NOT do:

It does NOT reference and danh mục all of the material you have cited in your paper.

Presenting material that is not directly relevant lớn your study will distract & frustrate the reader và make them thua trận sight of the purpose of your study.Starting a literature review with “A number of scholars have studied the relationship between X and Y” và simply listing who has studied the topic and what each scholar concluded is not going to strengthen your paper.A good literature Reviews WILL:Present a brief typology that orders articles and books inlớn groups khổng lồ help readers focus on unresolved debates, inconsistencies, tensions, & new questions about this researchSummarize the most relevant and important aspects of the scientific literature related to your area of researchSynthekích thước what has been done in this area of retìm kiếm và by whom, highlight what previous research indicates about a topic, and identify potential gaps & areas of disagreement in the fieldGive the reader an understanding of the background of the field and show which studies are important–& perhaps highlight previous studies that contain errors.

Building Your Literature nhận xét Bookshelf

One way to conceive sầu of a literature Đánh Giá is lớn think about writing it as you would build a bookshelf. You don’t need to lớn cut each piece by yourself from scratch. Rather, you can take the pieces that other researchers have sầu “cut” and put them together to build a framework on which to hang your own “books”—that is, your own study methods, results, & conclusions.


What does a good literature review contain?

The contents of a literature reviews are determined by many factors, including its precise purpose in the document, the degree of consensus with a given theory or tension between competing theories, the length of the article, the amount of previous studies existing in the given field, etc. The following are some of the most important elements that a literature provides.

Current context in which your retìm kiếm is situated: Discuss central (or peripheral) questions, issues, and debates in the field. Because a field is constantly being updated via new work, you can show where your research fits into lớn this context & explain developments và trends in research.Discussion of relevant theories & concepts that provide the foundation for your research: For example, if you are researching the relationship between the ecological environment & human population in that environment, provide models and theories that focus on specific aspects of this connection to lớn contextualize your study. If your study asks a question concerning sustainability, mention a theory or Mã Sản Phẩm that underpins this concept. If it concerns invasive species, choose material that is focused in this direction.Introduce and define relevant terminology: In the natural sciences, the meaning of terms is relatively stable & straightforward. But if you present a term that is obscure or context-specific in a study, you should define the meaning of the term in the Introduction section (if you are introducing a study) or in the summaries of the given literature being reviewed.Describe related research and show how your work expands or challenges this research or works to lớn fill in gaps in the previous work: You can use the literature Review as evidence of what works, what doesn’t, và what is missing in the field.

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Provide supporting evidence for a practical problem or issue that your retìm kiếm is addressing, showing its importance: Referencing related research establishes your area of retìm kiếm as reputable và shows you are building upon previous work that other researchers have deemed significant.

Types of Literature Reviews

Literature nhận xét can differ in structure, length, & amount & breadth of nội dung included. They can range from the selective sầu (a very narrow area of research or only a single work) lớn the comprehensive sầu (a larger amount or range of works). They can also exist as part of a larger work or stvà on their own.


A course assignment is an example of a selective, stand-alone work. It focuses on a small segment of the literature on a topic and makes up an entire work on its own.The literature reviews in a dissertation or thesis is both comprehensive & helps hóa trang a larger work.A majority of journal articles start with a selective literature review to provide context for research reported in the manuscript, which is the broader work for which the literature gives context; the literature Review is often included in the introduction.Some literature reviews are both comprehensive sầu and stand as a separate work—the entire article analyzes the literature on a given topic.

Type of Literature nhận xét Found in Journals

The two types of literature Review commonly found in journals are those introducing research articles (studies và surveys) & stand-alone literature analyses. They can differ in their scope, length, & specific purpose.

Literature review Introducing Retìm kiếm Articles

The literature Reviews found at the beginning of a journal article is used khổng lồ introduce retìm kiếm related to lớn the specific study và is found in the Introduction section, usually near the over. It is shorter than a stand-alone Reviews because it must limit its scope lớn very specific studies and theories that are directly relevant to lớn this study. Its purpose is lớn set retìm kiếm precedence và provide support for the study’s theory, methods, results, and/or conclusions. Not all retìm kiếm articles contain an explicit nhận xét of the literature, but many vì, whether it is a discrete section or indistinguishable from the rest of the Introduction.

The structure of a literature Review for an article

When a literature reviews exists as part of an introduction to a study, it follows the structure of the Introduction itself & moves from the general to lớn the specific—presenting the broadest background information about a topic first và then moving lớn specific studies that tư vấn your study, finally leading to your hypothesis statement. The literature is often indistinguishable from the Introduction itself—the literature is INTRODUCING the background và defining the gaps your study aims to fill.

The Stand-Alone Literature Review

The literature Review published as its own article presents & analyzes as many of the important texts in an area of study as possible lớn provide background information and context for a current area of retìm kiếm or a study. Stand-alone review are an excellent resource for researchers when they are first searching for the most relevant information on an area of study.

These literature review are generally a bit broader in scope & can extkết thúc further bachồng in time. This means that sometimes a scientific literature Review can be highly theoretical, in addition to lớn focusing on specific methods & outcomes of previous studies. In addition, all of its sections refer to lớn the literature rather than detailing a current study.

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In addition, this type of literature reviews is usually much longer than the literature reviews introducing a study. At the kết thúc of the reviews is a conclusion that once again explicitly ties all of these works together lớn show how this analysis is itself a contribution to lớn the literature.

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